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Título: Modeling human breast cancer metastasis in mice: maspin as a paradigm
Fecha de publicación: 2003
Editorial: Murcia : F. Hernández
ISSN: 0213-3911
Materias relacionadas: CDU::6 - Ciencias aplicadas::61 - Medicina::616 - Patología. Medicina clínica. Oncología
Palabras clave: Maspin
Breast cancer
Resumen: Breast cancer is the most common cancer detected in women, accounting for nearly one out of every three cancers diagnosed in the United States. Most cancer patients do not die from the primary tumor but die due to metastasis. Therefore, the study of metastasis is of most importance both to the clinician and patient. In the past, animal models have been used in breast cancer research and mammary gland biology. Our group has also established several animal models to address the function of a novel tumor suppressor gene maspin in breast tumor progression. Maspin was initially isolated from normal mammary epithelial cells. Its expression was down regulated in breast tumors. To test the protective role of maspin overexpression in mammary tumor progression, we crossed maspin overexpression transgenic mice (WAP-maspin) with a strain of oncogenic WAP-SV40 T antigen mice. The bitransgenic mice had reduced tumor growth rate and metastasis. Maspin overexpression increased the rate of apoptosis of both preneoplastic and carcinomatous mammary epithelial cells. Maspin reduced tumor growth through a combination of reduced angiogenesis and increased apoptosis. In a separate animal experiment, maspin overexpressing mammary tumor cells (TM40D) were implanted into the fat pad of syngeneic mice. TM40D tumor cells were very invasive and metastatic. However, both primary tumor growth and metastasis were significantly blocked in TM40D cells that overexpress maspin as a consequence of plasmid or retrovirus infection. These evidences demonstrate that maspin function to inhibit primary tumor growth as well as invasion and metastasis. Elucidating the molecular mechanism of maspin action will shed light on our understanding of breast cancer invasion and metastasis.
Autor/es principal/es: Shi, H.Y.
Zhang, W.
Liang, R.
Kittrell, F.
Templeton, N.S.
Medina, D.
Zhang, M.
Publicado en: Histology and histopathology
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10201/21380
Tipo de documento: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Número páginas / Extensión: 6
Derechos: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Aparece en las colecciones:Vol.18, nº 1 (2003)

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