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Título: Microscopic correlates of adaptive cytoprotection in an ethanol injury model
Fecha de publicación: 1989
Editorial: Murcia : F. Hernández
ISSN: 0213-3911
Materias relacionadas: CDU::6 - Ciencias aplicadas::61 - Medicina
Palabras clave: Rat
Resumen: The present study histologically investigated the efficacy of pretreating rat gastric mucosa with the mild irritants, 10% and 25% ethanol (EtOH), against the known damaging effects of 100% EtOH. Fasted rats received 1 m1 of either water, 10% EtOH, or 25% EtOH by orogastric intubation. Fifteen minutes later, a portion of these animals was sacrificed and tissue samples of the oxyntic region of the stomach were excised and processed for quantitative histologic analysis. Remaining animals received a 1 m1 oral bolus of the necrotizing agent, 100% EtOH. Five minutes later, these animals were sacrificed and tissues were prepared in a like manner. In a separate series of experiments, the aforementioned protocols were repeated, except that al1 animals received the prostaglandin synthetase inhibitor, indomethacin (5.0 mg/kg intraperitoneally), 30 min before administration of the mild irritant. Microscopically, the administration of water or 10% EtOH alone caused a small and comparable amount of superficial injury to the gastric mucosa. Moreover, both substances failed to induce protection in stomachs subseqently exposed to 100% EtOH. Indomethacin pretreatment did not significantly alter any of these findings. In marked contrast, 25% EtOH alone elicited a substantial degree of superficial damage to the gastric mucosa. Nevertheless it significantly reduced the depth of injury in animals subsequently challenged by 100% EtOH. Indomethacin failed to aggravate the effects of 25% EtOH alone, but partially inhibited the protective effect of this mild irritant against 100% EtOH induced damage. Our findings indicate that adaptive cytoprotection is a real phenomenon that can be demonstrated microscopically. Such protection is limited primarily to the deep mucosa1 layers (i.e. gastric glands), appears in part to be prostaglandin mediated and seems to require the generation of moderate surface cell damage (as occurred with 25% EtOH, but not 10% EtOH) to induce its initiation.
Autor/es principal/es: Schmidt, Carmen L.
Smith, Gregory S.
Miller, Thomas A.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10201/17972
Tipo de documento: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Número páginas / Extensión: 11
Derechos: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Aparece en las colecciones:Vol. 4, nº 1 (1989)

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