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Title: Calcium, calcium-sensing receptor and growth control in the colonic mucosa
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: F. Hernández y J.F. Madrid. Murcia: Universidad de Murcia, Departamento de Biología Celular e Histología.
ISSN: 1699-5848
Related subjects: 616 - Patología. Medicina clínica. Oncología
Keywords: ß-catenin
Colon cancer
Abstract: A role for calcium in epithelial growth control is well-established in the colon and other tissues. In the colon, Ca2+ “drives” the differentiation process. This results in sequestration of ß-catenin in the cell surface / cytoskeletal complex, leaving ß-catenin unavailable to serve as a growth-promoting transcription enhancer in the nucleus. The signaling events that lead from Ca2+ stimulation to differentiation are not fully understood. A critical role for the extracellular calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) is assumed, based on CaSR localization to the differentiating epithelial cells in the normal colonic mucosa (upper half of the crypt and crypt surface), decreased CaSR expression in colon carcinoma, and the results from in vitro studies with colonic epithelial cell lines. While Ca2+ is well-accepted as a growth-regulating agent in the colon, suppression of cell proliferation is not complete. At least part of the reason for this is the inherent variability in Ca2+ responsiveness among individual epithelial cells. Of interest, colon epithelial cells that are resistant to the growth-regulating activity of Ca2+ alone are still responsive to Ca2+ in conjunction with other transition metals. Whether a multi-mineral approach will, ultimately, prove to be more effective than Ca2+ alone as a colon cancer chemopreventive agent remains to be seen, but certainly worth investigating.
Primary author: Varani, James
Published in: Histology and histopathology, Vol.26, nº6 (2011)
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Number of pages / Extensions: 11
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Appears in Collections:Vol.26, nº6 (2011)

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