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Title: Role of cannabinoid receptors and RAGE in inflammatory bowel disease
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: F. Hernández y J.F. Madrid. Murcia: Universidad de Murcia, Departamento de Biología Celular e Histología.
ISSN: 1699-5848
Related subjects: 61 - Medicina
Keywords: CNR1
Inflammatory bowel disease
Abstract: Background: The endocanabinoid system is involved in many inflammatory diseases, such as Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). The distribution and expression of cannabinoid receptors 1 (CNR1) and 2 (CNR2) in combination with inflammatory cytokines and RAGE (receptor of advanced glycation end products), which is also overactive in these diseases, in dependency of the extent of inflammation and alteration of the colon barrier is still unclear and needs to be elucidated. Material and Methods: 10 specimens of CD patients who underwent colectomy and 14 colectomy specimens of patients suffering from UC were investigated histologically for inflammatory infiltrate, extent of fibrosis and for disturbance of the intestinal barrier. Immunohistochemistry was carried out to examine the distribution and localization of CNR1, CNR2 and RAGE. Additionally, qRT-PCR was performed to study the expression of CNR1, CNR2, RAGE and inflammatory cytokines (TNFα, TGFß, CTGF, IL12, IFNγ). 35 morphological and histological normal specimens of colectomy cases served as controls. Results: The expression level of CNR2 did not differ between the control group and the group of patients with IBD, while CNR1 displayed a significant up regulation, especially in cases of CD. A differential association between the expression of CNR1/CNR2 and RAGE with morphological changes and expression of molecular markers of inflammation could be established. Conclusion: We showed that cannabinoid receptors are expressed differentially in inflammatory bowel disease and that the expression seems to be influenced by the underlying disease and by localized inflammation.
Primary author: Stintzing, Sebastian
Wissniowski, Till Th.
Lohwasser, Christina
Alinger, Beate
Neureiter, Daniel
Ocker, Matthias
Published in: Histology and histopathology, Vol.26, nº6 (2011)
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Number of pages / Extensions: 11
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Appears in Collections:Vol.26, nº6 (2011)

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