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Title: TNF-aIL-1-NF-kB transduction pathway in human cancer prostate
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Murcia : F. Hernández
ISSN: 0213-3911
Related subjects: 576 - Biología celular y subcelular. Citología
Keywords: Prostate carcinoma
Abstract: TNFa exerts apoptosis throughout an intracellular transduction pathway that involves the kinase proteins TRAF-2 (integration point of apoptotic and survival signals), ASK1 (pro-apoptotic protein), MEK-4 (p38 activator and metastasis suppressor gene), JNK (stress mitogen activated protein kinase) and the transcription factor AP-1. TNFa also exerts proliferation by p38 activation, or when TRAF-2 simultaneously induces the transcription factor NF-kB by NIK. NIK and p38 may also be activated by IL-1. P38 activated several transcription factors such as Elk-1, ATF-2 and NF-kB. NIK also may activate NF-kB. The aim of the present article was to evaluate the different components of this TNFa/IL-1 transduction pathway in human prostate carcinoma (PC) in comparison with normal human prostate. In prostate cancer, pro-apoptotic TNFa/AP-1 pathway is probably inactivated by different factors such as p21 (at ASK-1 level) and bcl-2 (at JNK level), or diverted towards p38 or NIK activation. IL-1a enhances proliferation through IL-1RI that activates either NIK or p38 transduction pathway. P38 and NIK activate different transcription factors related with cell proliferation and survival such as ATF-2, Elk-1 or NF-kB. In order to search a possible target to cancer prostate treatment we proposed that inhibition of several proinflamatory cytokines such as IL-1 and TNFa might be a possible target for PC treatment, because decrease the activity of all transduction pathway members that activate transcription factors as NF-kB, Elk-1 or ATF-2.
Primary author: Royuela, Mar
Rodríguez-Berriguete, Gonzalo
Fraile, Benito
Paniagua, Ricardo
Published in: Histology and histopathology
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Number of pages / Extensions: 12
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Appears in Collections:Vol.23,nº10 (2008)

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