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|Bone marrow angiogenesis: methods of quantification and changes evolving in chronic myeloproliferative disorders
|Fecha de publicación:
|Murcia : F. Hernández
|CDU::6 - Ciencias aplicadas::61 - Medicina::616 - Patología. Medicina clínica. Oncología
|Until now little information is available about bone marrow (BM) angiogenesis in chronic myeloproliferative disorders (CMPDs). Amongst the various immunohistochemical markers for endothelial cells CD34 and CD105 have proven to be most reliable since they exhibit no relevant co-staining. Determination of vascularity has to include pathophysiological aspects of perfusion. Therefore, quantification of the microvascular density (MVD) by the so-called hot spot method has to be improved by parameters that characterize blood flow more properly like microvessel area (luminal distension), shape (form factor), tortuosity, and branching (maximal vessel length). In comparison to the normal BM chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) revealed a significant increase in MVD which was functionally associated with elevated levels of angiogenic cytokines. Structure of vessels was significantly altered by showing an enhanced irregularity of shape and tortuosity and increase in fibers was conspicuously accompanied by a higher degree of MVD. Contrasting the group of patients with Imatinib (STI571) therapy interferon failed to reduce the number of vessels. Following bone marrow transplantation a significant enhancement of the MVD was found in the early posttransplant period, but after about 6 months normalization occurred. Anomalies of microvascular architecture were easily demonstrable by three-dimensional reconstruction and consisted of a complex branching network of irregular shaped sinuses. Chronic idiopathic myelofibrosis displayed a significant increase in the MVD only in the advanced fibrosclerotic stages. This feature was accompanied by an enhanced luminal distension and tortuosity, thus contrasting the prefibrotic and early fibrotic phases of this disorder. Similar to CML a relationship between evolving myelofibrosis and change in vascular architecture was encountered. This feature may present a possible target for future antiangiogenic antiangiogenic therapy. In essential thrombocythemia there is only a mild increase in MVD detectable while in polycythemia vera besides an enlarged number, a luminal dilation due to the densely packed erythrocytes is recognizable. In conclusion, contrasting the usually applied quantification technique more elaborate morphometrical methods are warranted to obtain a better insight into the vascular architecture of the BM. In CMPDs angiogenesis is significantly associated with the evolution of myelofibrosis and may be altered by therapeutic regimens probably due to changes in cytokine release.
|Forma parte de:
|Histology and histopathology
|Tipo de documento:
|Número páginas / Extensión:
|Aparece en las colecciones:
|Vol.19, nº 4 (2004)
Ficheros en este ítem:
|Bone marrow angiogenesis methods.pdf
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