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Title: The distribution and role of myofibroblasts and CD34-positive stromal cells in normal pancreas and various pancreatic lesions
Issue Date: 2004
Publisher: Murcia : F. Hernández
ISSN: 0213-3911
Related subjects: CDU::6 - Ciencias aplicadas::61 - Medicina::616 - Patología. Medicina clínica. Oncología::616.4 - Patología del sistema linfático, órganos hematopoyéticos, endocrinos
Keywords: Pancreas
Abstract: To elucidate the distribution and role of myofibroblasts and CD34-positive stromal cells in various pancreatic lesions, we performed an immunohistochemical study using a streptoavidin-biotin immunoperoxidase technique. We selected 43 pancreatic lesions from 1 biopsied, 22 surgically resected and 12 autopsied specimens: acute pancreatitis (n=3), chronic non-obstructive pancreatitis (n=4), obstructive pancreatitis (n=7), islet cell tumor (n=4), serous cystadenoma (n=7), mucinous cystadenoma (n=6), and invasive ductal carcinoma (n=12). In normal pancreas, myofibroblasts and CD34-positive stromal cells were predominantly present in the peridcutal and periacinar areas, respectively. Both myofibroblasts and CD34- positive cells were observed in the stroma of chronic pancreatitis. In four islet cell tumors, myofibroblasts were present in the stroma of the tumor center, but no CD34-positive stromal cells were identified. Additionally, myofibroblasts and CD34-positive stromal cells were located in the inner layer and the outer layer of the capsule of three islet cell tumors, respectively. In nine of the thirteen cystadenomas, only myofibroblasts were recognized in the cyst wall. In the remaining four cystadenomas, a small number of CD34-positive cells were observed in the cyst wall. In 12 invasive ductal carcinomas, the stroma possessed a lot of myofibroblasts, but there were no or few CD34-positive stromal cells. In conclusion, it seems that the abundant amount of CD34-stromal cells in the main lesions is characteristic of chronic inflammatory lesions. Myofibroblasts and CD34-positive stromal cells may play a role in regulating the tumor growth in the capsule of islet cell tumors of the pancreas.
Primary author: Kuroda, Naoto
Toi, M.
Nakayama, Hiroyuki
Miyazaki, E.
Yamamoto, M.
Hayashi, Yoshihiro
Hiroi, Makoto
Enzan, H.
Published in: Histology and histopathology
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Number of pages / Extensions: 9
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Appears in Collections:Vol.19, nº 1 (2004)

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