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Title: In vivo cellular uptake of bismuth ions from shotgun pellets
Issue Date: 2003
Publisher: Murcia : F. Hernández
ISSN: 0213-3911
Related subjects: CDU::6 - Ciencias aplicadas::61 - Medicina::616 - Patología. Medicina clínica. Oncología::616.8 - Neurología. Neuropatología. Sistema nervioso
Keywords: Autometallography
Abstract: Shotgun pellets containing bismuth (Bi) are widely used and may cause a rather intense exposure of some wild animals to Bi. A Bi shotgun pellet was implanted intramuscularly in the triceps surae muscle of 18 adult male Wistar rats. Another group of 9 animals had a Bi shotgun pellet implanted intracranially in the neocortex. Eight weeks to 12 months later the release of Bi ions was analysed by autometallography (AMG) of tissue sections from different organs (brain, spinal cord, kidney, liver, testes). In the group with intramuscular Bi shotgun pellets no AMG staining could be found for the first 2-4 months; 6 months after exposure Bi was traced in the kidney. Twelve months after the implantation the kidneys were heavily loaded and Bi was also traced in testosterone-producing Leydig cells, in glial cells and in neurons of brain and spinal cord. In the central nervous system (CNS) motor neurons were the most loaded. In rats with intracranially implanted shotgun pellets a massive uptake of Bi was observed involving both glia and neurons throughout the brain. The cells close to the shotgun pellet had the highest uptake. The animals showed a pronounced Bi uptake in the ependyma cells lining the ventricular system and in the cubic epithelia covering the choroid plexus. Dissemination of Bi ions to the rest of the body was demonstrated by AMG tracing of Bi accumulations in the tubular cells of the kidney. These findings emphasize that metallic Bi, including shotgun pellets, represents sites of intense Bi pollution if implanted or shot into a living organism, and further that such metallic Bi bodies, if they enter the CNS, cause a spread of Bi ions throughout it.
Primary author: Stoltenberg, M.
Locht, L.
Larsen, Agnete
Jensen, D.
Published in: Histology and histopathology
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Number of pages / Extensions: 5
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Appears in Collections:Vol.18, nº 3 (2003)

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