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Title: Diagnostic differentiation of essential thrombocythaemia from thrombocythaemias associated with chronic idiopathic myelofibrosis by discriminate analysis of bone marrow features - a clinicopathological study on 272 patients
Issue Date: 2003
Publisher: Murcia : F. Hernández
ISSN: 0213-3911
Related subjects: CDU::6 - Ciencias aplicadas::61 - Medicina::616 - Patología. Medicina clínica. Oncología
Keywords: Essential thrombocythaemia
Abstract: Until now diagnosis of essential thrombocythaemia (ET) is generally performed by following the criteria of the Polycythaemia Vera Study Group (PVSG) that only marginally regards morphological features. Bone marrow biopsies were studied from 272 patients with ET in strict accordance with the PVSG guidelines and also from 35 control patients with reactive thrombocytosis. To define morphological features of distinctive impact more accurately, we performed a stepwise discriminant analysis of 16 morphological parameters based on histochemical staining reactions and semiquantitative grading of standardized features. A clear-cut separation into three distinctive histological patterns was accomplished that showed in more than 96% a correct predicted classification. Variables of significant impact included fibre content, quantity and cytological abnormalities of megakaryopoiesis like bulbous (cloudlike) nuclei, degree of nuclear lobulation and presence of giant forms. These changes were not detectable in the control group. The different constellations of histopathological features could be assigned to true ET (98 patients) and false ET, i.e. 136 patients with prefibrotic and 38 patients with early fibrotic chronic idiopathic myelofibrosis (IMF) accompanied by thrombocythaemia. A re-evaluation of clinical findings was in keeping with this classification into three categories that exerted significant differences to develop myelofibrosis during observation time and also different survival patterns. Contrasting IMF true ET is characterized by a pronounced proliferation of the megakaryocyte lineage showing large to giant cells without maturation defects and no relevant increase in reticulin fibres. Discrimination between these entities is warranted, because of a significant difference in presenting haematological data, follow-up and life expectancy.
Primary author: Thiele, J.
Kvasnicka, H.M.
Published in: Histology and histopathology
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Number of pages / Extensions: 10
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Appears in Collections:Vol.18, nº 1 (2003)

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