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Título: The possible role of the gut neuroendocrine system in diabetes gastroenteropathy
Fecha de publicación: 2002
Editorial: Murcia : F. Hernández
ISSN: 0213-3911
Materias relacionadas: CDU::6 - Ciencias aplicadas::61 - Medicina
Palabras clave: Diabetes
Gastroenteropathy
Resumen: Gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea and vomiting, heartburn, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, constipation and faecal incontinence are common in patients with diabetes. Diabetes gastroenteropathy is a clinically relevant problem. In addition to the increased morbidity it causes, it results in severely impaired metabolic control, which in turn increases the risk of hyper-/hypoglycaemia. Moreover, the poorly controlled blood glucose level increases the risk of secondary diabetes complications, namely, retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy and cardiovascular affection. Gastrointestinal symptoms may also cause malnutrition in patients with diabetes, which, together with the disturbed immune defence in diabetes, may cause intercurrent infections. Gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with diabetes are attributed to disturbed gastrointestinal motility. Gastrointestinal dysmotility in diabetes is believed to be caused by autonomic neuropathy and/or hyperglycaemia. The neuroendocrine system of the gut secretes peptides/amines that play an important role in regulating gastrointestinal motility. It is conceivable, therefore, to assume that a disturbance in this regulatory system may contribute to the pathogenesis of gastrointestinal complications in diabetes. The present review gives an updated overview of the abnormalities in the gastrointestinal neuroendocrine system in diabetes, speculates upon the possible role of these abnormalities in the pathogenesis of diabetes gastroenteropathy and, finally, predicts the possible clinical implications of these findings.
Autor/es principal/es: El-Salhy, M.
Publicado en: Histology and histopathology
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10201/20845
Tipo de documento: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Número páginas / Extensión: 9
Derechos: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Aparece en las colecciones:Vol.17, nº 4 (2002)

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