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Title: Effect of low or high dietary calcium on the morphology of the rat femur
Issue Date: 2002
Publisher: Murcia : F. Hernández
ISSN: 0213-3911
Related subjects: CDU::6 - Ciencias aplicadas::61 - Medicina::611 - Anatomía
Keywords: Calcium
Abstract: The present study compared the effect of a calcium deficit or surfeit on femurs. Young female rats were fed with the normal (1.18%), low (0.05%), or high (2.00%) calcium diet for 3, 7, 15 or 30 days. Two groups received the low calcium diet for the first 15 days and then were followed by the normal (L-N) or high calcium diets (L-H) for the sequential 15 days. The morphology of the femur was studied together with serum calcium, parathyroid hormone (PTH), calcitonin and bone mineral density (BMD). We did not find any significant changes in the serum PTH level and bone morphology in the high calcium group. In the low calcium group, the serum PTH level increased, BMD of the whole body, the femoral weight and the femoral trabecular bone decreased as compared with the normal calcium group. There was a greater proportion of resorbing surface, less resting surface and larger vascular canal openings in the femoral endosteal surfaces in the low calcium group. In the L-N or L-H group, the femoral trabecular bone increased and the femoral resorbing surface decreased as compared with those of the low calcium group. These findings suggest that high calcium intakes do not affect the bone mass, and low calcium intakes have a deleterious effect on bone status, which may be related to vascular alternations of the bone. Reversing the low income calcium intake by a higher calcium diet can partially improve the bone alternations induced by low calcium intake.
Primary author: chen, H.
Hayakawa, D.
Emura, S.
Ozawa, Y.
Okumura, T.
Shoumura, S.
Published in: Histology and histopathology
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Number of pages / Extensions: 7
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Appears in Collections:Vol.17, nº 4 (2002)

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