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Title: Vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation in the pathogenesis of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases
Issue Date: 2000
Publisher: Murcia : F. Hernández
ISSN: 0213-3911
Related subjects: CDU::6 - Ciencias aplicadas::61 - Medicina
Keywords: Cell cycle
Abstract: Atherosclerosis is the principal cause of myocardial infarction, stroke, and peripheral vascular disease, accounting for nearly half of all mortality in developed countries. For example, it has been estimated that atherosclerosis leads to approximately 500,000 deaths from coronary artery disease and 150,000 deaths from stroke every year in the United States (American Heart Association, 1996). Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty has become a well-established technique for revascularization of occluded arteries. However, the long-term efficacy of the procedure remains limited by progressive vessel renarrowing (restenosis) within the following few months after angioplasty. Abnormal vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation is thought to play an important role in the pathogenesis of both atherosclerosis and restenosis. Accordingly, considerable effort has been devoted to elucidate the mechanisms that regulate cell cycle progression in VSMCs. In the present article, we will review the different factors that are involved in the control of VSMC proliferation, especially in the context of cardiovascular disease. Ultimately, a thorough understanding of these regulatory networks may lead to the development of novel drug and gene therapies for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Therapeutic approaches that targeted specific cell-cycle control genes or growth regulatory molecules which effectively inhibited neointimal lesion formation will be also discussed.
Primary author: Rivard, A.
Andres, V.
Published in: Histology and histopathology
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Number of pages / Extensions: 15
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Appears in Collections:Vol.15, nº 2 (2000)

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