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Title: Transforming growth factor-01 gene and protein expression associated with atherogenesis of cholesterol-fed rabbits
Issue Date: 2000
Publisher: Murcia : F. Hernández
ISSN: 0213-3911
Related subjects: CDU::6 - Ciencias aplicadas::61 - Medicina
Keywords: Fibronectins
Abstract: Transforming growth factor-l31 (TGF-l31) has been shown to modulate both cell proliferation and the synthesis of extracellular matrix by vascular cells. This study was aimed to establish the temporal correlation between TGF-l31 expression, the expression of the extracellular matrix protein fibronectin, and plaque development during atherogenesis of hypercholesterolemic rabbits. New Zealand White rabbits were fed with 2% cholesterol-supplemented chow for 1 week, 2 weeks, 3 weeks or 6 weeks. TGF-l31 mRNA and protein expression was examined in serial sections of aorta by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. Fibronectin expression was examined by immunohistochemistry. In the control and l-week feeding group, the expression of TGF-l31 mRNA and protein was not apparent. In 2-week feeding group, intimal thickening was detected in which TGF-B1 mRNA and protein were not clearly observed, either. The 3-week and 6-week feeding groups exhibited fatty streaks in which TGF-l31 mRNA and protein expression markedly increased as feeding proceeded. Cell typespecific staining indicated that TGF-l31 was expressed by macrophages as well as smooth muscle cells of the fatty streaks. Immunostaining of fibronectin detected low expression levels in control, l-week and 2-week feeding groups with pronounced upregulation in the thickened intima and the proximal media in 3-week and 6-week feeding groups. These results implicate a role for TGF-l31 in modulating fatty streak formation and the synthesis of extracellular protein fibronectin during plaque development.
Primary author: Chen, Y.L.
Wu, H.W.
Jlang, M.J.
Published in: Histology and histopathology
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Number of pages / Extensions: 8
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Appears in Collections:Vol.15, nº 2 (2000)

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