Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10201/18963

Title: Postnatal morphologic changes and glial fibrillary acidic protein immunoreactivity in the anteroventral cochlear nucleus of the acoustically-deprived gerbil
Issue Date: 1997
Publisher: Murcia : F. Hernández
ISSN: 0213-3911
Related subjects: CDU::6 - Ciencias aplicadas::61 - Medicina
Keywords: Anteroventral cochlear nucleus
Electron microscopy
Abstract: This study investigated the morphological changes and glial fibrillary acidic protein immunoreactivity (GFAP-IR) in the anteroventral cochlear nucleus (AVCN) of acoustically-deprived gerbils during postnatal development. The mongolian gerbil, Meriones unguiculatus, had been acoustically deprived on the right side or left side by a surgical ligation of the external auditory canal at postnatal day 12-14. No discernible microcysts were located in the ipsilateral AVCN at one, three, six and nine months after monaural ligation. Also, no discernible microcysts were located in the contralateral AVCN at one and three months after monaural ligation. Numerous microcysts were located in the contralateral AVCN at six months after monaural ligation and were slightly reduced in number at nine months after monaural ligation. Some of the microcysts closely apposed to and connected with the blood vessels through a leakage route or channel. A foamy region was found in the superficial granule cell cap of the AVCN. The foamy region became evident in the ipsilateral AVCN at three months after monaural ligation. However, the foamy region became evident in the contralateral AVCN at three and nine months after monaural ligation. Vacuoles were mainly found in the neuronal cells at the junction of the superficial and deep layers in the AVCN. These vacuoles were found in the contralateral AVCN at one, three, six, and nine months after monaural ligation. However, vacuoles were found in the ipsilateral AVCN only at three months after monaural ligation. Morphological changes of the myelin sheath were found to be more severe in the contralateral AVCN than in the ipsilateral. GFAP-IR was located in the superficial layer of the contralateral AVCN at three and nine months after monaural ligation. However, GFAP-IR was found in the superficial and deep layers of the ipsilateral AVCN at three and nine months after monaural ligation. GFAP-IR was also found in the superficial layers of the ipsilateral Offprnt requests to: Dr. Shang-Ming Yu, lnstitute of Anatorny, National Yang-Ming University, 155, Section 2, Lee-Nung Street, Shih-Pai, Taipei, Taiwan 11 221, Republic of China AVCN at six months after monaural ligation. Microcysts are presumably derived from the detachment of the myelin sheath from the retracted axons, protrusion of the myelin sheath, and disruption of the myelin sheath. The major conclusions were that (1) microcysts were greatly reduced following acoustical ligation during postnatal development, and (2) blood vessels and GFAPimmunoreactive astrocytes may be involved in the depletion of microcysts for maintaining the homeostasis of the microenvironment in the cochlear nuclei.
Primary author: Yu, S. M.
Du, S.J.
Published in: Histology and histopathology
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10201/18963
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Number of pages / Extensions: 18
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Appears in Collections:Vol.12, nº 3 (1997)



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