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dc.contributor.authorArcenillas Hernández, Irene-
dc.contributor.authorRuiz de Ybáñez Carnero, María del Rocío-
dc.contributor.authorMartínez Carrasco-Pleite, Carlos-
dc.contributor.otherFacultades, Departamentos, Servicios y Escuelas::Departamentos de la UMU::Sanidad Animales
dc.identifier.citationVeterinary Research Communications 47:1369-1378es
dc.description© 2023 The Author. This document is made available under the CC-BY 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by /4.0/. This document is the published version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in Veterinary Research Communications. To access the final edited and published work see https://doi.org/10.1007/s11259-023-10084-3es
dc.description.abstractCardiopulmonary nematodes cause health and fitness disorders in wild and domestic carnivores. The red fox (Vulpes vulpes) participates in the spread of these shared parasites at the domestic-wildlife interface. This study aimed to evaluate the sensitivity of post-mortem diagnostic method for detecting lungworms in carnivores, and its exactness to estimate the parasite intensity of each nematode species. Cardiorespiratory system of fifty-one foxes were examined through three consecutively methodological steps: first, the tracheobronchial tree, pulmonary arteries and their branches were opened (OT); next, lung parenchyma was immersed in water and squeezed (WS); finally, the parenchyma was artificially digested in a pepsin and chlorhydric acid solution (AD). Eucoleus aerophilus, Angiostrongylus vasorum, Crenosoma vulpis and Metathelazia capsulata were identified. The number of recovered nematodes in each step were 454 (OT), 285 (WS) and 141 (AD). The use of OT and WS helped to improve parasite intensity results and decreased false negative cases. Accordingly, when OT and WS were used together, the sensitivity in the detection of parasitized foxes was 96.1%, while the exactness of parasite intensity was 84%. When AD was performed, although sensitivity does not rise, results were more exact, increasing the total number of detected parasites by 16%. Moreover, AD improved the sensitivity in the detection of A. vasorum and M. capsulata, as well as quantifying more exactly the parasite intensity (92.5% and 92.3% of exactness without AD, respectively). Our study provides valuable information that should be taken into account when planning epidemiological studies based on cardiopulmonary nematode detection in carnivores.es
dc.publisherSpringer Naturees
dc.relationAyudas a la realización de proyectos para el desarrollo de investigación científica y técnica por grupos competitivos 2018. Fundación Séneca. Agencia de Ciencia y Tecnología de la Región de Murcia (20952/PI/18 )es
dc.relation.ispartofProyecto: Papel epidemiológico del zorro como portador de agentes zoonósicos y de otros patógenos compartidos con carnívoros domésticos en ambientes antrópicos de clima mediterráneo semiáridoes
dc.subjectArtificial digestiones
dc.subjectPost-mortem diagnostices
dc.subjectRed foxes
dc.titleWhat is the sensitivity and exactness of post-mortem diagnostic method for cardiopulmonary nematodes in wild carnivores? towards the gold standardes
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