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Título: Nestin and WT1 expression in atheromatous plaque neovessels: association with vulnerability
Fecha de publicación: 2014
Editorial: F. Hernández y Juan F. Madrid. Universidad de Murcia: Departamento de Biología Celular e Histología
Cita bibliográfica: Histology and Histopathology, Vol. 29, n.º 12 (2014)
ISSN: 0213-3911
Materias relacionadas: CDU::5 - Ciencias puras y naturales::57 - Biología::576 - Biología celular y subcelular. Citología
Palabras clave: Atherosclerosis
Resumen: Introduction. Neoangiogenesis is crucial for the progression and vulnerability of atheromasic lesions. Since adult vasa vasorum, which represent the neoangiogenetic burden of healthy arteries, constitutively express Nestin and Wilms Tumor (WT1), the aims of the present study are: i) to describe and quantify Nestin and WT1 in plaque neovessels; ii) to investigate the relationship between neovessel phenotype and plaque instability. Methods. We prospectively evaluated 49 consecutive carotid endarterectomy specimens. Histopathological characteristics were separately collected, particularly the intraplaque histological complications. Immunohistochemistry was carried out for CD34, Nestin and WT1; the density of positivity was evaluated for each marker. RT-PCR was performed to assess Nestin and WT1 mRNA levels on the first 10 plaques and on 10 control arteries. Results. Six (12.2%) plaques showed no neoangiogenesis. In the others, the mean immunohistochemical densities of CD34, Nestin, and WT1-positive structures were 41.88, 28.84 and 17.68/mm2. Among the CD34+ neovessels, 68% and 42% expressed Nestin and WT1 respectively, i.e., nearly 36% of the neovessels resulted to be Nestin+/WT1-. Furthermore, complicated plaques (n=30) showed significantly more CD34 and Nestin-positive vessels than uncomplicated plaques (n=13; P=0.045 and P=0.009), while WT1 was not increased (P=0.139). RT-PCR confirmed that WT1 gene expression was 3-fold lower than Nestin gene in plaques (p=0.001). Conclusions. Plaque neoangiogenesis shows both a Nestin+/WT1- and a Nestin+/WT1+ phenotype. The Nestin+/WT1- neovessels are significantly more abundant in complicated (vulnerable) plaques. The identification of new transcription factors in plaque neoangiogenesis, and their possible regulation, can open new perspectives in the therapy of vulnerable plaques.
Autor/es principal/es: Fittipaldi, Silvia
Vasuri, Francesco
Degiovann, Alessio
Pini, Rodolfo
Mauro, Raffaella
Faggioli, Gianluca
D'Errico-Grigioni, Antonia
Stella, Andrea
Pasquinelli, Gianandrea
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10201/84844
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14670/HH-29.1565
Tipo de documento: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Número páginas / Extensión: 9
Derechos: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Aparece en las colecciones:Vol.29, nº12 (2014)

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