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Title: The PI3K/Akt and MAPK-ERK1/2 pathways are altered in STZ induced diabetic rat placentas
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: F. Hernández y Juan F. Madrid. Universidad de Murcia: Departamento de Biología Celular e Histología
Citation: Histology and Histopathology, vol. 29, nº 6, (2014)
ISSN: 1699-5848
Related subjects: CDU::5 - Ciencias puras y naturales::57 - Biología::576 - Biología celular y subcelular. Citología
Keywords: Placental development
Abstract: Diabetic pregnancy is associated with complications such as early and late embryonic death, fetal growth disorders, placental abnormalities, and embryonal-placental metabolic disorders. Excessive apoptosis and/or changes of proliferation mechanisms are seen as a major event in the pathogenesis of diabetesinduced embryonic death, placental weight and structural anomalies. Akt and ERK1/2 proteins are important for placental and fetal development associated with cellular proliferation and differentiation mechanisms. The mechanism underlying the placental growth regulatory effects of hyperglycemia have not been elucidated. Moreover, it is still not determined how Akt and ERK1/2 proteins related proliferation and apoptosis mechanisms are influenced by Streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic rat placental development. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression levels and spatio-temporal immunolocalizations of Akt, p-Akt, ERK1/2 and p-ERK1/2 proteins in normal and STZ-treated diabetic rat placental development. In order to compose the diabetic group, pregnant females were injected with a single dose of 40mg/kg STZ intraperitonally seven days before their sacrifice at 12th, 14th, 16th, 18th and 20th day of their gestation. We found that maternal diabetic environment led to a decrease in ERK1/2 and Akt phosphorylation during rat placental development. It could be said that MAPK ERK1/2 and PI3K/Akt cell signaling pathways are affected from hyperglycemic conditions in rat placentas. In conclusion, hyperglycemia-induced placental and embryonal developmental abnormalities could be associated with reduction of Akt and ERK1/2 phosphorylation.
Primary author: Ozmen, Aslı
Unek, Gozde
Kipmen-Korgun, Dijle
Turkay Korgun, Emin
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Number of pages / Extensions: 14
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Appears in Collections:Vol.29, nº 6 (2014)

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