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Title: Melatonin influences pancreatic cancerogenesis
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: F. Hernández y Juan F. Madrid. Universidad de Murcia. Departamento de Biología Celular e Histología
Citation: Histology and Histopathology, vol.29, nº 4, (2014)
ISSN: 1699-5848
Related subjects: CDU::6 - Ciencias aplicadas::61 - Medicina
Keywords: Melatonin
Pancreatic cancer
Antioxidant enzymes
Abstract: Pancreatic cancer has fatal prognosis because of the absence of early symptoms, late diagnosis and the resistance to radio- and chemotherapy. Melatonin, an indoleamine discovered in the pineal gland, has also been detected in the gastrointestinal system and its specific receptors have been identified in the pancreas. Some evidence indicates that melatonin could modulate the process of pancreatic oncogenesis: 1) Melatonin, as direct scavenger of radical oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS and RNS) and activator of antioxidant enzymes effectively protects the pancreatic tissue against oxidative stress and inflammatory damage. 2) In pancreatic carcinoma cell line (PANC-1) melatonin used at high doses affects the Bax/Bcl protein balance, and stimulates the expressions of caspase-9 and caspase-3, thus activating the mitochondrial pathway of apoptosis. On the contrary, low concentrations of melatonin turn on the production of anti-apoptotic heat shock proteins: HSP27, HSP70, and HSP90, which prevents the activation of caspase-3. 3) Melatonin reduces angiogenesis and decreases proliferation of endothelial cells through inhibition of vascular endothelial factor (VEGF). 4) Melatonin strengthens the immune defense of the organism via activation of peripheral effector T cells and suppression of T regulatory cells. 5) In animal studies melatonin has been found to increase the efficacy of oncostatic drugs, to reduce the side effects of chemotherapy and to decrease morbidity. These observations suggest that melatonin at high doses could be potentially taken into consideration as the supportive treatment in the therapy of pancreatic cancer, although the effect of melatonin on apoptosis requires further study. Histol Histopathol 29, 423-431 (2014)
Primary author: Jaworek, Jolanta
Leja-Szpak, Anna
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Number of pages / Extensions: 9
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Appears in Collections:Vol.29, nº 4 (2014)

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