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Title: Immunophenotypical analyses of myofibroblasts in rat excisional wound healing: possible transdifferentiation of blood vessel pericytes and perifollicular dermal sheath cells into myofibroblasts
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: F. Hernández y Juan F. Madrid. Universidad de Murcia: Departamento de Biología Celular e Histología
Citation: Histology and histopathology, Vol. 27, nº 4 (2012)
ISSN: 1699-5848
Related subjects: CDU::6 - Ciencias aplicadas::63 - Agricultura. Silvicultura. Zootecnia. Caza. Pesca::636 - Veterinaria. Explotación y cría de animales. Cría del ganado y de animales domésticos
Keywords: Myofibroblast
Abstract: Cutaneous fibrosis after wound is evoked by myofibroblasts capable of producing collagen; the derivation and features remain to be investigated. Immunophenotypical characteristics of myofibroblasts were analysed in excisional rat wound healing, of which samples were obtained on post-wounding (PW) days 1 to 26. Myofibroblasts were characterized for expressions of intermediate cytoskeletons such as vimentin, desmin, and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA). To pursue the progenitor, immunolabeling analyses were performed using stromal-/bone marrow-stem cell markers (Thy-1 and A3). Myofibroblasts reacting to vimentin and α-SMA were first seen on PW day 5, then peaked on PW day 9 in granulation tissues, and gradually decreased in remodeling tissues; these immunopositive cells reacted simultaneously to Thy-1. Desmin-reacting cells were limited to newly-formed blood vessels in wound bed. The single/double immunolabelings revealed that pericytes (identified by positive reaction to PDGFR-ß and negative reaction to endothelial markers) in newly-developing blood vessels reacted to vimentin, α-SMA, Thy-1 and A3, and occasionally to desmin, and that perifollicular dermal sheath cells in the wound periphery showed increased expressions for vimentin, Thy-1 and A3. There is considerable immunophenotypical similarity between myofibroblasts (expressing vimentin, α-SMA and Thy-1), pericytes (reacting to vimentin, α-SMA, Thy-1 and A3) in newly-developing blood vessels, and perifollicular dermal sheath cells (reacting to vimentin, Thy-1 and A3). Collectively, myofibroblasts in rat cutaneous fibrosis are characterized by vimentin, α-SMA and Thy-1 expressions, and the cells might be generated from the pericytes or perifollicular dermal sheath cells in the lineage of stroma-/bone marrow-stem cells
Primary author: Juniantito, Vetnizah
Izawa, Takeshi
Yuasa, Takahiro
Ichikawa, Chisa
Kuwamura, Mitsuru
Yamate, Jyoji
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Number of pages / Extensions: 13
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Appears in Collections:Vol.27, nº 4 (2012)

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