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Title: Increased migration of IgA lymphocytes to VIP nerve fibers after DSS-induced colitis
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: F. Hernández y J.F. Madrid. Murcia: Universidad de Murcia, Departamento de Biología Celular e Histología.
ISSN: 1699-5848
Related subjects: 61 - Medicina
Keywords: Immunoglobulin A
Immunoglobulin G
Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide
Abstract: Immunoglobulin-positive lymphocytes are present close to vasoactive intestinal polypeptide-positive (VIP+) nerve fibers in the lamina propria of the intestinal tract, and have an important role in mucosal defense. The number of immunoglobulin A-positive (IgA+) cells close to the epithelial basement membrane and nerve fibers is increased by the administration of lipopolysaccharides, which induce IgA secretion into the intestinal lumen. The relationship between immunoglobulin-positive lymphocytes and the VIP+ nerve fibers during inflammation, such as in inflammatory bowel disease, however, is not well known. The morphological relationship between immunoglobulin-positive cells and the basement membrane or the VIP+ nerve fibers in the colon was examined using double immunofluorescent labeling in an inflammatory bowel disease mouse model created by oral administration of dextran sodium sulfate (DSS). DSS administration induced goblet cell loss, crypt loss, intestinal epithelium deformation and infiltration of inflammatory cells in the mucosa. In the colon, the number and percentage of IgA+ lymphocytes close to the basement membrane and the VIP+ nerve fibers in the lamina propria increased after DSS administration, in parallel with the pathologic progress in the inflamed tissue. On the other hand, the percentage of immunoglobulin G-positive (IgG+) lymphocytes close to the basement membrane and the VIP+ nerve fibers decreased, although the total number of IgG+ lymphocytes in the lamina propria increased. We suggest that the immunoglobulin-producing lymphocytes and enteric nerve fibers in the colon normally have a close morphological relationship, and that this relationship is reinforced in a cell-specific manner during inflammation.
Primary author: Ueno, Eri
Hisajima, Tatsuya
Nakano, Masato
Goris, Richard C.
Funakoshi, Kengo
Published in: Histology and histopathology, Vol. 26, nº10 (2011)
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Number of pages / Extensions: 10
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Appears in Collections:Vol.26,nº10 (2011)

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