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Title: Anabolic actions of IGF-I and TGF-B1 on Interleukin-1B-treated human articular chondrocytes: Evaluation in two and three dimensional cultures
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Murcia : F. Hernández
ISSN: 0213-3911
Related subjects: 611 - Anatomía
Keywords: Human cartilage
Abstract: Pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-a) play a key role in the pathogenesis of Osteoarthritis (OA). The aim of this study was to investigate the potential anti-inflammatory properties of the growth factors IGF-I and/or TGF-ß1 on IL-1ß signalling pathways and their effect on the chondrogenic potential of dedifferentiated human articular chondrocytes in vitro. Serum-starved human articular chondrocytes were treated with IL-1ß to induce dedifferentiation and further treated with IGF-I and/or TGF-ß1 at various concentrations. The effects of growth factors were evaluated both in monolayer and high-density cultures. Incubation with the cytokine IL-1ß resulted in rapid dedifferentiation of the cells; they lost their chondrocytelike phenotype while down-regulating the expression of collagen type II, integrin, extracellular regulated kinase (Erk 1/2) and the chondrogenic transcription factor Sox9. Co-treatment with IGF-I and/or TGF-ß1 stimulated the cells to redifferentiate, increasing the expression of the above-mentioned cartilage-specific proteins. These events correlated with down-regulation of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and matrix metalloproteinase- 13 (MMP-13). Furthermore, in high-density cultures, we observed evidence for new cartilage formation after co-treatment with these growth factors. We further detected that all examined proteins were more strongly expressed during combination treatment. These results indicate that IGF-I and TGF-ß1 exert additive anabolic effects on chondrocytes and may stabilize the chondrogenic potential. The additive action of these growth factors on chondrocytes may find practical applications in the fields of OA and cartilage tissue engineering.
Primary author: Seifarth, Claudia
Csaki, Constanze
Shakibaei, Mehdi
Published in: Histology and histopathology
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Number of pages / Extensions: 18
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Appears in Collections:Vol.24,nº10 (2009)

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