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Título: 5-Fluorouracil-induced histopathological changes in the central nervous system of rat fetuses
Fecha de publicación: 2009
Editorial: Murcia : F. Hernández
ISSN: 0213-3911
Materias relacionadas: 616 - Patología. Medicina clínica. Oncología
Palabras clave: Central nervous system
Fetus
Resumen: 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU), a thymidylate synthesis inhibitor, has been well known to induce developmental anomalies in the craniofacial tissues and limb buds. Recently it was reported that microencephaly was also induced in rat neonates after 5-Fu-treatement in late phase of pregnancy (Kumar et al., 2006). In this study, pregnant rats were treated with 5-Fu (15, 30 or 50 mg/kg) on day 13 of gestation, and their fetuses were examined for histopathological changes, especially in the fetal central nervous system (CNS) at 12, 24 and 48 hours after treatment (HAT). At 12 HAT, an enhancement of pyknosis of neuronal progenitor cells and subsequent loss of dead cells were detected in the CNS in a dose-dependent manner. The severity of such histopathological changes in the CNS was most prominent in the telencephalon (middle and dorsal layers of the ventricular zone) and spinal cord (dorsal area). Pyknotic cells decreased towards 48 HAT in the brain while they increased towards 48 HAT in the spinal cord. Almost all of the nuclei of pyknotic cells were positively stained by TUNEL method and showed characteristics of apoptotic cells under electron microscopy. Therefore, these pyknotic cells were considered to be apoptotic ones. Enhanced apoptosis and reduced mitosis in neuronal progenitor cells in the telencephalon seem to be responsible for the later induction of microencephaly reported by Kumar et al. (2006).
Autor/es principal/es: Yamaguchi, Y.
Aoki, A.
Fukunaga, Y.
Matsushima, K.
Ebata, T.
Ikeya, M.
Tamura, K.
Publicado en: Histology and histopathology
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10201/36077
Tipo de documento: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Número páginas / Extensión: 7
Derechos: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Aparece en las colecciones:Vol.24, nº2 (2009)

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