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Title: Ultrastructural study of human glomerular capillary loops with IgA nephropathy using quick-freezing and deep-etching method
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Murcia : F. Hernández
ISSN: 0213-3911
Related subjects: 611 - Anatomía
Keywords: IgA nephropathy
Basement membrane
Abstract: Immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy shows great variability regarding the histological features of the lesions of human renal glomeruli. In the present study, the quick-freezing and deep-etching (QF-DE) method was used to analyze the glomerular ultrastructure of biopsied kidney tissues from children with IgA nephropathy. Biopsied renal tissues were routinely prepared for light microscopy, immunofluorescence microscopy, conventional electron microscopy, and replica electron microscopy. The three-dimensional ultrastructure of glomeruli of the kidney was clearly observed by using the QF-DE method. Three layers of glomerular basement membranes, i.e., middle, inner and outer layers, were clearly detected in the replica electron micrographs. The middle layer was 343.0±24.2 nm (n=20) in width and formed polygonal meshwork structures. We also observed slit diaphragms, electrondense mesangial deposits, and increased amounts of mesangial matrix and foot process effacement. Many delicate filaments were found to be distributed from the apical to the bottom portions between neighboring foot processes. The ultrastructural difference between the replica electron micrographs and conventional electron micrographs was found to be especially marked in the appearance of foot processes and connecting filaments between the neighboring foot processes. The examination of extracellular matrix changes, as revealed at high resolution by the QF-DE method, gave us some morphofunctional information relevant to the mechanism of proteinuria with IgA nephropathy.
Primary author: Sawanobori, E.
Terada, N.
Fuji, Y.
Higashida, K.
Nakazawa, S.
Ohno, S.
Published in: Histology and histopathology
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Number of pages / Extensions: 11
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Appears in Collections:Vol.23, nº3 (2008)

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