Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10201/28354

Title: Relevancia de instrumentos de recolecta de datos en la calidad del cuidado
Other Titles: Relevance of data collection instruments for quality of care
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Murcia: Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Murcia
ISSN: 1695-6141
Related subjects: 614 - Higiene y salud pública. Contaminación. Prevención de accidentes. Enfermería
Keywords: Calidad asistencial
Enfermería
Data recolection
Nursing
Abstract: Considerando la importancia del proceso enfermero en la práctica basada en evidencias, buscamos identificar instrumentos validados y confiables para la recolección de datos en pacientes. Realizamos una revisión integrativa utilizando las bases CINAHL, BVS, PUBMED. Fueron incluidos artículos disponibles a texto completo en inglés, español y portugués, se excluyeron las revisiones que no contenían descritos los pasos metodológicos y los que no abordaban el tema. En los 40 estudios analizados fueron identificados instrumentos aplicables a diferentes áreas como geriatría y gerontología, terapia intensiva, oncología, psiquiatría, nutrición, infectología, salud del trabajador, cuidados paliativos, cardiología, entre otros. La mayoría de los instrumentos 47.5% aplicaba para población anciana. Enfermería al utilizar instrumentos validados en su práctica pasa a ejercer una asistencia con mayor calidad. Sin embargo, es evidente que diversos comportamientos y manifestaciones clínicas todavía no disponen de instrumentos validados para su evaluación.
In view of the importance of the nursing process in evidence-based practice, we attempt to identify validated and reliable instruments to collect data from patients. An integrative review was carried out in the databases CINAHL, BVS and PUBMED, using the words “nursing” and “validated clinical assessment tools”, as well as “validation studies”, “reproducibility of results” and “nursing assessment”. Full articles available in English, Spanish or Portuguese were included, excluding reviews that did not follow the methodological steps described and did not address the theme. In the 40 analyzed studies, instruments were identified that are applicable to different areas, such as geriatrics and gerontology, intensive care, oncology, psychiatry, nutrition, infectology, occupational health, palliative care, cardiology, among others. Instruments were found to evaluate the following areas: risk of falls, patient satisfaction, quality of life, sleep, depression, mental confusion, dementia, pain, behavior, nutritional status, violence, personality, psychosis, breastfeeding, nausea and vomit, fatigue, end of life needs, sedation and agitation, abstinence from opioid use, pressure ulcers, capacity of workers with musculoskeletal problems to restart activities, immunological status of patients with HIV/AIDS, and patients’ degree of knowledge about their disease. There was an increase in the number of publications from 1990 to 2006. Most of the instruments, 47.5%, were applicable to elderly populations. Nursing, when using validated instruments in its practice, provides more qualified care. Several behaviors and clinical manifestations exist, however, without validated instruments for their assessment.
Primary author: Guilherme, C.
Carvalho, E. C. de
Landeros López, M.
Published in: Enfermería global, vol.11, nº27 (2012)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10201/28354
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Number of pages / Extensions: 10
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Appears in Collections:Vol.11, Nº 3 (2012)



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