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Title: 17p13 (p53 locus), 5q21 (APC locus) and 9p21 (p16 locus) allelic deletions are frequently found in oral exfoliative cytology cells from smoker patients with non-small-cell lung cancer
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Murcia : F. Hernández
ISSN: 0213-3911
Related subjects: 616 - Patología. Medicina clínica. Oncología
Keywords: Carcinoma
Abstract: Molecular cytogenetic and LOH analyses of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have shown frequent allelic deletions in a variety of chromosomes where tumour suppressor genes are located. Allelic loss at 9p21 (p16 locus), 17p13 (p53) and 5q21(APC) has been frequently described in NSCLC and has also been described in premalignant epithelial lesions of the bronchus and normal bronchial cells. These findings suggest that a tissue field of somatic genetic alterations precedes the histopathological phenotypic changes of carcinoma. Similar changes have been described in oral and laryngeal epithelial tumours associated with smoke exposure. We previously reported frequent LOH at 5q21, 9p21 and TP53 in tumor cells and peritumoral normal bronchial cells from surgically resected NSCLC. We now analyze 96 cases of normal oral exfoliative cytology in which normal epithelial cells were obtained: 43 cases from smoker patients with NSCLC diagnosis, 33 smoker patients with no evidence of malignancy and 20 nonsmoker patients with no evidence of tumour. All groups had a similar age and sex distribution. PCR amplification was performed utilising the specific markers D5S346, D9S157 and TP53. In normal oral mucosae cells from patients with NSCLC, we found that 21% of the informative cases showed LOH at any of the informative cases showed LOH at 5q21, 7.7% at 9p21 and 22.2% at TP53. Within the smoker risk group only one case (4% of the informative cases) showed LOH at TP53, while no LOH was found at 5q21 or 9p21. No LOH was found in non-smokers. In conclusion, our results show that a significant number of patients with NSCLC have LOH at TP53, 5q21 and 9p21 in normal oral mucosae, while LOH at these loci is unusual in similar cells obtained from patients with no evidence of malignancy. Our study demonstrates that LOH studies can detect smoker patients with a mutated genotype in normal epithelial cells. Further prospective studies may confirm whether LOH studies can detect patients with a higher risk of NSCLC.
Primary author: Sanz Ortega, J.
Roig, F.
Al-Mousa, M.M.
Saez, M.C.
Muñoz, A.
Sanz Esponera, J.
Callol, L.
Published in: Histology and histopathology
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Number of pages / Extensions: 5
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Appears in Collections:Vol.22, nº 5 (2007)

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