Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10201/27571

Title: Structure and function of V-ATPases in osteoclasts: potential therapeutic targets for the treatment of osteolysis
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Murcia : F. Hernández
ISSN: 0213-3911
Related subjects: 617 - Cirugía. Ortopedia. Oftalmología
Keywords: Osteoclast
Osteolysis
Abstract: Excessive activity of osteoclasts becomes manifest in many common lytic bone disorders such as osteoporosis, Paget’s disease, bone aseptic loosening and tumor-induced bone destruction. Vacuolar proton pump H+-adenosine triphosphatases (V-ATPases), located on the bone-apposed plasma membrane of the osteoclast, are imperative for the function of osteoclasts, and thus are a potential molecular target for the development of novel anti-resorptive agents. To date, the V-ATPases core structure has been well modeled and consists of two distinct functional domains, the V1 (A, B1, B2, C1, C2, D, E1, E2, F, G1, G2, G3, and H subunits) and V0 (a1, a2, a3, a4, d1, d2, c, c’ e1, e2 subunits) as well as the accessory subunits ac45 and M8-9. However, the exact configuration of osteoclast specific V-ATPases remains to be established. Inactivation of subunit a3 leads to osteopetrosis in both mice and man because of nonfunctional osteoclasts that are capable of acidifying the extracellular resorption lacuna. On the other hand, inactivation of subunits c, d1 and ac45 results in early embryonic lethality, indicating that certain subunits, such as a3, are more specific to osteoclast function than others. In osteoclasts, V-ATPases also cooperate with chloride channel protein CLC-7 to acidify the resorption lacuna. In addition, development of V-ATPases inhibitors such as bafilomycin A1, SB 242784 and FR167356 that selectively target osteoclast specific VATPases remains a challenge. Understanding the subunits of V-ATPase regulate osteoclast function might facilitate the development of novel and selective inhibitors for the treatment of lytic bone disorders. This review summarizes recent research developments in VATPases with particular emphasis on osteoclast biology.
Primary author: Xu, J.
Cheng, T.
Feng, H.T.
Pavlos, N.J.
Zheng, M.H.
Published in: Histology and histopathology
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10201/27571
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Number of pages / Extensions: 12
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Appears in Collections:Vol.22, nº 4 (2007)



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