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Title: An immunohistochemical analysis of the temporal and spatial expression of growth factors FGF 1, 2 and 18, IGF 1 and 2, and TGFß1 during distraction osteogenesis
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Murcia : F. Hernández
ISSN: 0213-3911
Related subjects: 617 - Cirugía. Ortopedia. Oftalmología
Keywords: Immunohistochemistry
Distraction osteogenesis
Abstract: Distraction osteogenesis (DO) is a well established surgical technique that generates new bone by gradual distraction of two bony segments. In this study, we investigated the temporal and spatial profile of FGF 1, 2 and 18, IGF 1 and 2, and TGFß1 during distraction osteogenesis using immunohistochemistry. An osteotomy was performed on the right tibia of 13 white male New Zealand rabbits. After a delay of 7 days, distraction was started at a rate of 0.25mm/12hrs for 3 weeks which was followed by a 3 week period of consolidation. Immunohistochemical analysis was performed on a weekly interval to determine the expression of the growth factors. Staining of all growth factors was apparent at various levels in the centre and callus region in fibroblasts and chondrocyte cells. FGF2 however, showed continued high expression in osteoblasts. Within two weeks after the end of distraction all growth factors showed a reduction in expression except for FGF18 which maintained high levels of expression (up to 100% staining) throughout the distraction and consolidation phases. The study suggests that in comparison to the other investigated growth factors, FGF18 may play in important role throughout the entire process of distraction osteogenesis.
Primary author: Haque, T.
Amako, M.
Nakada, S.
Lauzier, D.
Hamdy, R.C.
Published in: Histology and histopathology
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Number of pages / Extensions: 10
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Appears in Collections:Vol.22, nº 2 (2007)

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