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Título: Smad3 phosphoisoform-mediated signaling during sporadic human colorectal carcinogenesis
Fecha de publicación: 2006
Editorial: Murcia : F. Hernández
ISSN: 0213-3911
Materias relacionadas: CDU::6 - Ciencias aplicadas::61 - Medicina::616 - Patología. Medicina clínica. Oncología
Palabras clave: SMAD
Colorectal cancer
Resumen: Transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß) signaling occurring during human colorectal carcinogenesis involves a shift in TGF-ß function, reducing the cytokine’s antiproliferative effect, while increasing actions that promote invasion and metastasis. TGF-ß signaling involves phosphorylation of Smad3 at serine residues 208 and 213 in the linker region and serine residues 423 and 425 in the C-terminal region. Exogenous TGF-ß activates not only TGF-ß type I receptor (TßRI) but also c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), changing unphosphorylated Smad3 to its phosphoisoforms: C-terminally phosphorylated Smad3 (pSmad3C) and linker phosphorylated Smad3 (pSmad3L). Either pSmad3C or pSmad3L oligomerizes with Smad4, and translocates into nuclei. While the TßRI/pSmad3C pathway inhibits growth of normal epithelial cells in vivo, JNK/pSmad3L-mediated signaling promotes tumor cell invasion and extracellular matrix synthesis by activated mesenchymal cells. Furthermore, hepatocyte growth factor signaling interacts with TGF-ß to activate the JNK/pSmad3L pathway, accelerating nuclear transport of cytoplasmic pSmad3L. This reduces accessibility of unphosphorylated Smad3 to membrane-anchored TßRI, preventing Smad3C phosphorylation, pSmad3Cmediated transcription, and antiproliferative effects of TGF-ß on epithelial cells. As neoplasia progresses from normal colorectal epithelium through adenoma to invasive adenocarcinoma with distant metastasis, nuclear pSmad3L gradually increases while pSmad3C decreases. The shift from TßRI/pSmad3C-mediated to JNK/pSmad3L-mediated signaling is a major mechanism orchestrating a complex transition of TGF-ß signaling during sporadic human colorectal carcinogenesis. This review summarizes the recent understanding of Smad3 phosphoisoform-mediated signaling, particularly “cross-talk” between Smad3 and JNK pathways that cooperatively promote oncogenic activities. Understanding of these actions should help to develop more effective therapy against human colorectal cancer, involving inhibition of JNK/pSmad3L pathway.
Autor/es principal/es: Matsuzaki, K.
Publicado en: Histology and histopathology
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10201/22669
Tipo de documento: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Número páginas / Extensión: 18
Derechos: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Aparece en las colecciones:Vol.21, nº 6 (2006)

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