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Título: The NF-kB-mediated control of ROS and JNK signaling
Fecha de publicación: 2006
Editorial: Murcia : F. Hernández
ISSN: 0213-3911
Materias relacionadas: CDU::6 - Ciencias aplicadas::61 - Medicina
Palabras clave: Apoptosis
Resumen: NF-kB/Rel transcription factors are best known for their roles in innate and adaptive immunity and inflammation. They also play a central role in promoting cell survival. This latter activity of NF-kB antagonizes programmed cell death (PCD) induced by the proinflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor (TNF)a and plays an important role in immunity, lymphopoiesis, osteogenesis, tumorigenesis and radioand chemo-resistance in cancer. With regard to TNFa, the NF-kB-mediated inhibition of PCD seems to involve an attenuation of the c-Jun-N-terminal kinase (JNK) cascade mediated through the induction of select downstream targets such as the caspase inhibitor XIAP, the zinc-finger protein A20, and the inhibitor of the MKK7/JNKK2 kinase, Gadd45ß/Myd118. Notably, NF- kB also blunts accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which themselves are pivotal elements for induction of PCD by TNFa, and this suppression of ROS formation mediates an additional protective activity recently ascribed to NF-kB. The antioxidant activity of NF-kB has been shown to depend upon upregulation of both Ferritin heavy chain (FHC) – a component of Ferritin, the primary iron-storage protein complex found in cells – and of the mitochondrial enzyme Mn++ superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD). Indeed, the inductions of Mn-SOD and FHC represent another important means through which NF-kB controls proapoptotic JNK signaling triggered by TNFa. These findings might enable the development of new, more targeted approaches to treatment of diseases sustained by a deregulated activity of NF-kB, including some cancers and chronic inflammatory conditions.
Autor/es principal/es: Bubici, C.
Papa, S.
Pham, C.G.
Zazzeroni, F.
Franzoso, G.
Forma parte de: Histology and histopathology
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10201/22600
Tipo de documento: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Número páginas / Extensión: 12
Derechos: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Aparece en las colecciones:Vol.21, nº 1 (2006)

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