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Title: Early administration of methylprednisolone decreases apoptotic cell death after spinal cord injury
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: Murcia : F. Hernández
ISSN: 0213-3911
Related subjects: CDU::6 - Ciencias aplicadas::61 - Medicina
Keywords: Methylprednisolone
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to evaluate, in an experimental model of spinal cord injury (SCI), the presence of apoptotic cell death after trauma and if early administration of a single bolus of methylprednisolone (MP) influences apoptosis in the zone of trauma and in adjacent spinal cord segments. For this study, a total of 96 adult female Wistar rats were subjected to spinal contusion at the T6-T8 level, producing immediate paraplegia. Forty-eight animals (treated group) received a single intraperitoneal injection of MP, at a dose of 30 mg/kg body weight, 10 minutes later. Cells undergoing apoptosis were detected by means of immunohistochemical labeling with the monoclonal antibody Apostain (anti-ssDNA MAb F7-26), in the injured spinal cord tissue, both in the zone of the lesion and in the adjacent spinal segments (rostral and caudal zones), 1, 4, 8, 24 and 72 hours and 1 week after injury. Apoptosis was detected in neurons and glial cells in the zone of the lesion 1 hour after trauma, with a pattern that showed no changes 4 hours later. Between 4 and 8 hours postinjury, the number of apoptotic cells increased, after which it decreased over the following days. In the adjacent spinal segments, apoptotic cells were detected 4 hours after trauma, and increased progressively over the remainder of the study, the number of apoptotic cells being similar in the lesion zone and in rostral and caudal zones one week after injury. When the group of MPtreated animals was considered, significant decreases in the number of apoptotic cells were detected in the lesion zone 24 hours after injury, and in the rostral and caudal zones, at 72 hours and at 1 week after trauma. These findings show that early administration of a single bolus of MP decreases apoptotic cell death after SCI, supporting the utility of MP in reducing secondary damage in injured spinal cord tissue.
Primary author: Vaquero, J.
Zurita, M.
Oya, S.
Aguayo, C.
Bonilla, C.
Published in: Histology and histopathology
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Number of pages / Extensions: 12
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Appears in Collections:Vol.21, nº10 (2006)

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