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Título: Bcl-2 protein in normal, hyperplastic and neoplastic breast tissues. A metabolite of the putative stem-cell subpopulation of the mammary gland
Fecha de publicación: 2004
Editorial: Murcia : F. Hernández
ISSN: 0213-3911
Materias relacionadas: CDU::6 - Ciencias aplicadas::61 - Medicina
Palabras clave: Carcinoma
Resumen: This investigation, though initially designed to examine the possible influence of the Bcl-2 protein on the node-metastasizing capacity of breast carcinomas, was amplified to study the expression of this antiapoptotic protein in normal breast lobules and hyperplastic lesions. We examined paraffin sections of 508 breast carcinomas, stained for Bcl-2, estrogen (ER) and progesterone receptors (PgR) and epithelial membrane antigen, and occasionally for other antigens as well. Only a few cells showing a strong Bcl-2 positivity spotted the tubulo-lobular units of normal resting glands, whereas such cells were relatively numerous in atrophic lobules, and very scarce in the terminally differentiated lactating breast. Columnar and usual types of hyperplasia were exclusively, or almost exclusively, composed of Bcl-2(+), ER(+) and PgR(+) cells. The foci of carcinoma in situ and those of invasive carcinomas were respectively 83% and 66% positive for Bcl-2 in at least 25% of their cells. Even among the invasive carcinomas, Bcl-2(+) cases included 83% and 87% of the ER(+) and PgR(+) cases, respectively (p=0.0001). Though there was a statistically significant inverse relation between Bcl-2 and tumor grade (p=0.0001), no significant association was found between Bcl-2 and lymph node stage. In conclusion, we suggest that normal, hyperplastic and neoplastic breast epithelial cells expressing the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl- 2 are immature cells that ought to form part of the stemcell subpopulation, which is committed to the development and to the maintenance of the normal gland and which gives rise to hyperplastic and neoplastic disorders when its proliferation is deregulated. In ductal proliferative changes Bcl-2 assays may be useful for diagnostic but not for prognostic purposes.
Autor/es principal/es: Luna-Moré, S.
Weil, B.
Bautista, D.
Garrido, E.
Florez, P.
Martínez, C.
Publicado en: Histology and histopathology
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10201/21575
Tipo de documento: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Número páginas / Extensión: 7
Derechos: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Aparece en las colecciones:Vol.19, nº 2 (2004)

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