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Título: ldentification of extraretinal photoreceptors in the teleost Phoxinus phoxinus
Fecha de publicación: 2004
Editorial: Murcia : F. Hernández
ISSN: 0213-3911
Materias relacionadas: CDU::6 - Ciencias aplicadas::61 - Medicina
Palabras clave: Opsin
Teleosts
Resumen: The existence of cells capable of detecting changes of the photoperiod within the deep brain, the socalled deep brain photoreceptors, was proposed in the early years of the twentieth century. By using immunocytochemistry with antisera against phototransductory proteins on paraffin and vibratome sections, we have localized severa1 positive areas in the brain of the teleost Phoxinus phoxinus. These areas were restricted to two encephalic regions: the epithalamus and the hypothalamus. Immunopositive (rod-opsin- and a-transducin-like) pinealocytes and parapinealocytes, as well as some sparse neurons in the habenula, were seen in the epithalamus. The irnmunoreaction of the hypothalamus was represented by a-transducin-like positive (magnocellular and parvicellular) neurons of the Nucleus Preopticus, as well as by a-transducin- and arrestin-like positive fibers corresponding to the hypothalamic-hypophyseal tract and a few fibers running towards the basa1 telencephalon. These findings corroborate the data published on other teleost fish and fully support the hypothesis of the presence of photosensitive cells in the encephalon of lower vertebrates. The labelling with antisera against different components of the phototransductory cascade also strengthens the idea that such cells employ a biochemical mechanism similar to that in the retinal visual photoreceptor cells, rods and cones. Although the function is still unclear, the detection of the photoperiod seems to be the most likely role for these extraretinal photoreceptors.
Autor/es principal/es: Álvarez-Viejo, M.
Cernuda-Cernuda, R.
Álvarez-López, C.
García-Fernández, J.M.
Publicado en: Histology and histopathology
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10201/21554
Tipo de documento: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Número páginas / Extensión: 8
Derechos: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Aparece en las colecciones:Vol.19, nº 2 (2004)

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