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Title: Co-expression of trypsin and tumour-associated trypsin inhibitor (TATI) in colorectal adenocarcinomas
Issue Date: 2003
Publisher: Murcia : F. Hernández
ISSN: 0213-3911
Related subjects: CDU::6 - Ciencias aplicadas::61 - Medicina
Keywords: Immunohistochemistry
Gastrointestinal neoplasms
Abstract: Trypsin and its specific inhibitor, TATI (tumour-associated trypsin inhibitor), are expressed in normal human pancreas and in a variety of tumours. The aim of the present study was to assess the parallel expression of trypsin and TATI in colorectal cancer, in comparison with their expression in normal epithelial tissue, since proteases and their inhibitors are thought to be co-expressed in malignant neoplasms. We also assessed the possible significance of their expression as a means of differentiation between normal and malignant tissue. We examined qualitatively and semiquantitatively the immunohistochemical expression of trypsin and TATI on paraffin-embedded serial tissue sections from 91 colorectal adenocarcinomas. The reverse-transcriptase-polymerase-chain reaction (RTPCR) was also performed on fresh malignant tissue from 55 of the above adenocarcinomas. Normal and nonmalignant tissues adjacent to the tumours were also evaluated. Cytoplasmic expression of trypsin (more than 25% of the cancer cells positive) was found in 67 (73.6%) adenocarcinomas, whereas TATI was expressed in the cytoplasm of 59 (64.8%) cases studied. Statistical analysis using Spearman’s test has demonstrated a significant correlation between trypsin and TATI immunohistochemical expression (p<0.01). RT-PCR showed co-expression of trypsin and TATI mRNA in all carcinomas studied. Distinct patterns of trypsin and TATI immunohistochemical expression were observed in adjacent, non-malignant tissues, where both trypsin and TATI mRNA were also detected. Normal tissues were negative by immunohistochemistry. Our results indicate co-expression of trypsin and TATI in colorectal tumours both at the mRNA and protein level. We conclude that in colorectal neoplasms, high levels of trypsin and TATI may be important for malignant tumour formation and/or metastatic process.
Primary author: Solakidi, S.
Tiniakos, D.G.
Petraki, K.
Stathopoulos, G.P.
Markaki, I.
Androulakis, G.
Sekeris, C.E.
Published in: Histology and histopathology
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Number of pages / Extensions: 8
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Appears in Collections:Vol.18, nº 4 (2003)

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