Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10201/21424

Title: Day-night changes in plasma melatonin levels, synaptophysin expression and ultrastructural properties of pinealocytes in developing female sheep under natural long and short photoperiods
Issue Date: 2003
Publisher: Murcia : F. Hernández
ISSN: 0213-3911
Related subjects: CDU::6 - Ciencias aplicadas::61 - Medicina
Keywords: Sheep
Melatonin
Abstract: The aim of the present study was to analyze the 24-h rhythm in plasma melatonin concentration and the day-night differences in synaptophysin expresion and ultrastructural characteristics of the pinealocytes in developing female sheep. Ewes of three different ages were examined: infantile (1-6 months old), pubertal and early fertile age (9-24 months old) and adult (36-60 months old). Experiments were conducted under natural non-stimulatory (long) and stimulatory (short) photoperiods. The obtained results were similar for both analyzed photoperiods. Plasma melatonin concentration, measured in samples obtained every 4 h, showed a similar pattern in the three age groups, with peak values at 02:00 h and troughs at 14:00 h. Mean value of plasma melatonin levels in 9-24 month-old sheep was significantly greater than that in younger or older sheep. The weight of pineal glands obtained at night (02:00 h) was significantly higher than in daylight (14:00 h). Pubertal and early fertile sheep had the largest pineal glands. The pineal volume, and the total number of pinealocytes per gland of 9-24 months-old sheep differed significantly from that of younger or older sheep. The pineal volume, and the mean volume of pinealocytes was significantly greater in animals killed at night. Number of pinealocytes did not vary between animals killed during daylight or at night. The mean volumen of pinealocytes did not show statistical differences between the age groups. In quantitative ultrastructural analysis of pinealocyte cells, the relative volume of mitochondria, rough endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi complexes was significantly greater in 9-24 month-old sheep and in animals killed at night. The relative volume of lipid droplets was highest in older sheep. Collectively, the data support the existence of developmental changes in pinealocyte morphology and quantity, partially in coincidence with a higher melatonin secretion rate.
Primary author: Redondo, E.
Regodón, S.
Franco, A.
Masot, A.J.
Gázquez, A.
Cardinali, D.P.
Published in: Histology and histopathology
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10201/21424
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Number of pages / Extensions: 10
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Appears in Collections:Vol.18, nº 2 (2003)

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Daynight changes in plasma melatonin levels.pdf6,28 MBAdobe PDFView/Open


Items in Digitum are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.