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Title: Neonatal treatment with monosodium glutamate MSG structure of the TSH-immunoreactive pituitary cells
Issue Date: 2000
Publisher: Murcia : F. Hernández
ISSN: 0213-3911
Related subjects: CDU::6 - Ciencias aplicadas::61 - Medicina
Keywords: Pituitary
Abstract: Glutamic acid represents the most abundant stimulatory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. Monosodium glutamate (MSC), subcutaneously administered to newborn rats in the perinatal period, induces lesions in 80 to 90% of the neurocytes of arcuate nuclei in the hypothalamus. These nuclei are the site of production of numerous stimulatory and inhibitory hormones including growth hormone releasing hormone (GHRH). The present studies were performed on male Wistar strain rats, subcutaneously injected on days 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 of postnatal life with MSC at a dose of 4 mglg body weight. Eighteen-month-old rats were additionally treated with Ambinon. When the animals reached the ages of 6 or 12 months, their body weight, body length and weight of pituitary were determined. On parafrin sections, using imrnunohistochemical techniques, TSHimmunoreactive cells were detected and characterised by computerised image analysis. The results were subjected to statistical analysis using Student's t test. The rats which were perinatally treated with MSC and examined after 6 or 12 months of life were obese and shorter than control rats by 7% and 10% respectively. They also exhibited a reduction in the weight of the pituitary of 30% and 40% respectively in the two age groups. The proportion of TSH-immunoreactive cells in the pituitary remained unchanged and amounted to 4.5% in the 6-month-old and 5.4% in the 12-month-old rats respectively. The number of TSH-positive cells per mm 2 area remained unchanged. The area and circumference of the cells in the 12-month-old rats were reduced by 22% and 18%, respectively. Perinatal injury to hypophyseal arcuate nuclei induced by monosodium glutamate injection, was not associated with any significant alterations in pituitary structure, as defined by the proportion of pituitary volume occupied by TSH-immunoreactive cells.
Primary author: Miskowiak, B.
Partyka, M.
Published in: Histology and histopathology
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Number of pages / Extensions: 5
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Appears in Collections:Vol.15, nº 2 (2000)

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