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Title: Expression of p53, p21 waf l , bcl-2, bax, Rb and Ki67 proteins in Hodgkin's lymphomas
Issue Date: 2000
Publisher: Murcia : F. Hernández
ISSN: 0213-3911
Related subjects: CDU::6 - Ciencias aplicadas::61 - Medicina
Keywords: Immunohistochemistry
Abstract: The aim was to investigate the combined immunoexpression of p53, p21, bcl-2, bax, Rb and Ki67 proteins in Hodgkin's lymphomas (HL) and correlate expression patterns with the histotype and the Epstein- Barr Virus (EBV) status. Paraffin-sections from 56 cases of HL (18 nodular sclerosis and 38 mixed cellularity) and from ten "reactive" lymph nodes were investigated. P53, p21, bcl-2, bax, Rb and Ki67 proteins were detected in Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg (HRS) cells in 35156,56156,24156, 23156,56156 and 56/56 cases of HL, respectively. No correlation was found between the expression of each protein and the EBV status or the histotype of HL. Comparison between p53 and p21 staining revealed two patterns: a) p53+/p21+ (35 cases); and b) p53-/p21+ (21 cases). The pattern p53+/p21+ suggests wild type p53 protein able to induce the expression of p21 while the p53-/p21+ pattern suggests p53-independent p21 expression. These results are consistent with the interpretation that inactivating p53 gene mutations may be rare in HL. Comparison between bcl-2 and bax staining showed a statistically significant relationship (p<0.001) for coexpression (19 cases) or absence of expression of both proteins (28 cases) in HRS cells. In contrast, bax expression was observed in most lymphoid cells in all "reactive" lymph nodes. Since the proapoptotic bax protein may act as tumour suppressor it is possible that the absence of this ,protein in HRS cells in a substantial proportion of HL may confer growth advantage and play a role in their pathogenesis. This could suggest bax gene alterations in some HL since in other studies acute lymphoblastic leukaemia cell lines demonstrate bax gene mutations with loss of bax immunoexpression. Another possibility is that reduced bax expression may be due to post transcriptional regulation, as was described in lymphoma cell lines. Comparison between Rb and Ki67 staining disclosed two main deviations from the normal parallel relationship in reactive lymph nodes: a) 2 cases with low Offprint requests to: Prof. V. Georgoulias, Deparrnent of Oncology, University Hospital of Heraklion. 71 100 Heraklion, Crete. Hellas, Greece. Fax: 0030 811392802 Rb and high Ki67 expression possibly reflecting loss of Rb expression due to chromosome loss or to other abnormalities in the structure or the expression of Rb gene; and b) 9 cases with high RB and low Ki67 possible reflecting an attempt of Rb protein in excess to induce cell cycle arrest. Taken together, our findings provide combined immunohistological evidence for deregulated expression of cell-cycle and apoptosis-related proteins, that may play a role in the pathogenesis of HL.
Primary author: Kanavaros, Panagiotis
Stefanaki, K.
Vlachonikolis, J.
Eliopoulos, G.
Kakolyris, S.
Rontogianni, D.
Gorgoulis, V.
Georgoulias, V.
Published in: Histology and histopathology
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Number of pages / Extensions: 9
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Appears in Collections:Vol.15, nº 2 (2000)

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