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Title: Different distribution of S-1 00 protein and glial fibrillary acidic protein GFAP immunoreactive cells and their relations with nitrergic neurons in the human fetal small intestine
Issue Date: 1999
Publisher: Murcia : F. Hernández
ISSN: 0213-3911
Related subjects: CDU::5 - Ciencias puras y naturales::57 - Biología::576 - Biología celular y subcelular. Citología
Keywords: Non-neuronal cells
Human intestine
Abstract: The appearance, distribution and some histochemical features of non-neuronal cells (NN cells) associated with the myenteric plexus of human fetal small intestine have been studied by means of S-100 protein and GFAP immunocytochemistry between the 10th and 17th week of gestation. In addition, double labelling immunocytochemistry using an antibody raised against a constitutive isoform of nitric oxid synthase @NOS) in combination with an S-100 protein antibody was applied to investigate the morphological relations between NN cells and nitrergic neurons in the developing gut wall. Cells with immunoreactivity for both glial-specific proteins are already present in the 10th week of gestation. While cells with S-100 protein immunoreactivity are located within the circular muscle layer as well as in the myenteric, and submucous plexuses, cells with GFAP immunopositivity are mainly restricted to the side of the myenteric plexus adjacent to the longitudinal muscle layer. In contrast to the dense network formed by S-100 protein immunopositive structures the GFAP immunopositive cells appear singly and do not connect into a network. Double-labelling immunocytochemistry reveals nitrergic fibers (NOS-IR) in close relation to the S-100 protein immunoreactive glial network. NOS-IR varicosities are in close association with the surface of those cells both in the circular muscle layer (CM) and in the tertiary plexus. It is concluded that two populations of NN cells with different locations and different immunohistochemical characters appear and develop together with the enteric ganglia in the human fetal intestine. The close morphological relation of NOS-IR fibers with S-100 protein immunopositive cellular network indicate a functional relationship between S-100 protein immunopositive cells and the nitrergic nerves during the early development of human enteric nervous system (ENS).
Primary author: Fekete, Eva
Timmermans, J.P.
Resch, B.A.
Scheuermann, D.V.
Published in: Histology and histopathology
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Number of pages / Extensions: 6
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Appears in Collections:Vol.14, nº 3 (1999)

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