Por favor, use este identificador para citar o enlazar este ítem: http://hdl.handle.net/10201/18814

Título: Histopathological changes in the islets of Langerhans in hamsters infected with the 139H strain of scrapie: semi-thin section study
Fecha de publicación: 1996
Editorial: Murcia : F. Hernández
ISSN: 0213-3911
Materias relacionadas: CDU::6 - Ciencias aplicadas::61 - Medicina
Palabras clave: Scrapie
Resumen: Using histopathological analysis of semi-thin sections stained with toluidine blue, we observed profound pathological changes in the islets of Langerhans of hamsters infected with the scrapie agent (strain 139H). These included cytoplasmic vesicles, nuclear swelling, and vacuolization in the islet cells. Two types of vacuolization were seen. "Localized vacuolization" (LV) has a distinct edge and is restricted or confined within the cell. "Diffuse vacuolization" (DV) has no distinct edge and is scattered within tissues either inside or outside of cells. DV may span intracellular and extracellular regions of the islet tissues. There were abnormal structures which we temed blood vessel cores (BVCs) in the islets of 139H-infected hamsters. BVC is a hollow space filled up with blood cells. Immunocytochemical staining for insulin antibody suggested that BVC was surrounded by the B cells of the islet. In the present study, we observed that many inflammatory cells passed through the blood-tissue barriers using pathways between cell-junction in the lumen of BVC. We also observed many necklace-like hollow spaces between islet cells. They are the pockets of extracellular space. A novel concept of "the accordion effect" was described to explain a function of the extracellular space. Under normal physiological conditions, as the synthesis of insulin increase in B cells, the volume of the B cells will increase while the volume of the extracellular space will decrease. After a synchronized secretory response from the stimulated B cells, the secretory product would move from the intracellular space into the extracellular space, the volume of the B cells would be decreased and the volume of the extracellular space would be increased. Most of the secretory product might be released into the blood stream immediately, causing an insulin releasing peak in the blood stream, whereas the rest would remain in the enlarged extracellular space. As the cycle repeat, the increasing volume of the B cells will squeeze the remaining insulin into the blood stream gradually. Thus, the expandable extracellular space would serve as buffer system and a reservoir to collect and store some secretory products for future use. We refer to this concept as "the accordion effect". The concept of "the accordion effect" may also be true in other endocrine organs such as pituitary gland and adrenal gland.
Autor/es principal/es: Ye, X.
Carp, R.I.
Publicado en: Histology and histopathology
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10201/18814
Tipo de documento: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Número páginas / Extensión: 10
Derechos: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Aparece en las colecciones:Vol.11, nº 1 (1996)

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