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Title: Assessment of cyclosporine A-induced ultrastructural changes in vascular wall using an experimental arterial autograft model
Issue Date: 1995
Publisher: Murcia : F. Hernández
ISSN: 0213-3911
Related subjects: CDU::6 - Ciencias aplicadas::61 - Medicina
Keywords: Cyclosporine A
Intima1 hyperplasia
Abstract: The objective of this ultrastructural study was to assess the effects of cyclosporine A (CsA) in an experimental model of arterial autograft. Fifty female Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 250-300 g were employed. Using a microsurgical technique, an arterial autograft measuring approximately 5 mm in length was placed in the right common iliac artery. Two groups were established: group 1 (control), consisting of 25 animals subjected only to arterial autograft; and group 11 (pre- and postoperative CsA), also consisting of 25 animals which received a daily subcutaneous dose of 5 mg/kg CsA (Sandimmun, sandozB) on the four days preceding the surgery and thereafter, until sacrifice. The animals were sacrificed on postoperative day 7, 14,21,30 and 50. The specimens (autografts) obtained were studied under transmission and scanning electron microscopes. In the control group, the process of endothelialization of the graft was completed by day 14. In the CsA-treated group, restoration of the endothelium took 50 days. The development of intima1 hyperplasia was delayed in the treated group. There were no morphological changes in its structure when compared to the control group* The tunica mewith loss of smooth muscle cells, fragmentation and lysis of the elastic lamina, presence of lipid-filled macrophages, and muscle cells with cytoplasmic lipid vacuoles. In our opinion, these results suggest that the action of CsA mainly targets on the endothelium and smooth muscle cells, exerting a toxic effect in an in vivo arterial graft model.dia had thinned in the treated grafts
Primary author: Buján, J.
Bellón, J.M.
Jurado, F.
Hernando, A.
Contreras, L.A.
Published in: Histology and histopathology
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Number of pages / Extensions: 10
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Appears in Collections:Vol.10, nº 3 (1995)

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