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Title: The role of proteoglycans in maintaining collagen fibril morphology
Issue Date: 1995
Publisher: Murcia : F. Hernández
ISSN: 0213-3911
Related subjects: CDU::6 - Ciencias aplicadas::61 - Medicina::611 - Anatomía
Keywords: Collagen fibrils
Glvcanolvtic digestion
Abstract: The aortic wall contains various heterogeneous proteoglycan populations which interact in different ways with other components of extracellular matrix. Proteoglycans (PGs) are known to provide structural support to the vessel wall as well as to influence specific physiological functions of the tissues. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of Chondroitinase AC (Chase), Streptococcal Hyaluronidase (Hyase) and Heparanase on human aortic wall collagen which had been treated previously with 4M GuHCl, in order to verify the effects of selective glycanolytic treatment on type 1 collagen fibril ultrastructure. Following 4M GuHCl treatment, collagen fibrils are seen to have a clearly visible period. Subsequent to GuHCl and Streptococcal Hyase treatment al1 collagen fibrils appear to be completely swollen in thin aperiodic filaments; the typical 64 nm collagen period is completely undetectable. After GuHCl and Chase treatment a small number of collagen fibrils are seen to be swollen in thin fibrils which are mainly localized at some distance from elastic fibres. Following GuHCl and HeparanaseIHeparitinase 111 treatment a considerable number of collagen fibrils appear to be swollen in thin fibrils; the majority of which are situated in the vicinity of elastic fibrils. The swelling of collagen fibrils underlines the fundamental role of proteoglycans in maintaining collagen fibril integrity and periodicity. It is as yet impossible to precisely map interactions between these proteoglycans and collagen fibres. The role of Hyaluronic acid requires further investigation, although the nature of this interaction is undoubtedly a matter of considerable interest.
Primary author: Dell`Orbo, Carlo
De Luca, G.
Gioglio, L.
Quacci, Daniela
Soldi, C.
Published in: Histology and histopathology
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Number of pages / Extensions: 6
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Appears in Collections:Vol.10, nº 3 (1995)

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