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Title: A comparative study on the effects of bfluorouracll on glycosaminoglycan synthesis during palate development in quail and hamster
Issue Date: 1994
Publisher: Murcia : F. Hernández
ISSN: 0213-3911
Related subjects: CDU::6 - Ciencias aplicadas::61 - Medicina
Keywords: Palate development
Abstract: A comparative study was undertaken to investigate the effects of 5-fluorouracil (FU) on glycosaminoglycans (GAG) synthesis during morphogenesis of the secondary palate in birds (where, unlike mammals, palate morphogenesis begins in a horizontal direction ad initpm and lacks mammalian-type shelf reorientation) and mammal. Previous studies have shown that FU induces cleft palate in both birds and mammals. Air sacs of quail eggs were injected with 100 pg FU in 0.1 m1 saline or 0.1 m1 saline only. Hamsters were given intramuscular injection of 81 mg/kg FU in 1 m1 saline or 1 ml saline only. Total GAG synthesis was measured by incorporation of 3~-glucosamineS. ulfated and non-sulfated GAGs were identified by Alcian Blue histochemistry combined with the use of GAGdegrading enzymes. The results indicated that a continuous synthesis of GAG at a steady rate was associated with normal palate morphogenesis in both quail and hamster. The amount of GAG synthesized in hamster palate was four-fold higher than in quail palate. In contrast to the developing hamster palate where the predominant GAG was hyaluronate, the major GAGs present during quail palate development were sulfated and were concentrated on the nasal side. FU treatment did not affect the rate of GAG synthesis in the developing palate of quail. In contrast, FU administration altered the rates of GAG synthesis. and affected hyaluronate accumulation, during palate morphogenesis in hamster. Following an analysis of data of the present study and those from literature, it was suggested that, in contrast to the proposed role of hyaluronate in mammalian shelf reorientation, the sulfated GAGs may contribute to shelf volume and may be associated with tissue differentiation in both hamster and quail. Also, critical differences in timings, rates, and types of macromolecular synthesis between quail and hamster may be related to the evolutionarily diverse morphogenesis of palate seen in birds and mammals.
Primary author: Young, A.V.
Hehn, B.M.
Cheng, K. M.
Shah, R.M.
Published in: Histology and histopathology
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Number of pages / Extensions: 9
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Appears in Collections:Vol. 9, nº 3 (1994)

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