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Title: Effects of photoperiod and temperature on testicular function in amphibians
Issue Date: 1990
Publisher: Murcia : F. Hernández
ISSN: 0213-3911
Related subjects: CDU::6 - Ciencias aplicadas::61 - Medicina
Keywords: Amphibians
Abstract: Most amphibians present an annual testicular cycle characterized by a quiescent period (late autumn-winter) and a spermatogenic period (spring and summer). At the end of the period of spermatogenesis undifferentiated interstitial cells transform into steroid-secreting Leydig cells which regress in spring at the beginning of the new spermatogenetic cycle. The testicular cycle is controlled by the pituitary gonadotropin levels which are high in autumn and winter, low in spring and increase temporarily in the middle of summer. Photoperiod and temperature seem to be the most important externa1 factors involved in the regulation of this cycle in many amphibian species since the colder the geographic area, the longer the quiescent period and the shorter the spermatogenic period. This suggests the occurrence of a potentially continuous cycle in these species, in contrast with that which occurs in other species having an endogenous rhythm of testicular function which is much less sensitive to environmental factors. Although the specific response to temperature can vary widely between species, the most frequent observation in amphibians with a potentiaiiy continuous cycle is that exposure to mild temperatures (15-20° C, according to the spring temperatures of the different geographic areas) stimulates spermatogenesis even during the period of testicular quiescence. If this mild temperature is combined with a long photoperiod, complete spermatogenesis is attained. Experiments performed during the period of germ-cell proliferation (development from spermatogonia to round spermatids) indicated that low temperatures (below 11° C) as well as short photoperiods (less than 8 h of light) hinder germcell proliferation. Moderately high temperatures (about 30° C) do not impair this proliferation. In the newt Offprint reqoests to: Dr. R. Paniagua, Department of Cell Biology and Genetics, University of AlcalA de Henares, E-28871 Alcala de Henares, Madrid, Spain Triturus marmoratus, it has been shown that an excessively long photoperiod (over 16 h) has the same effect as a short photoperiod. In this species eyes are not required for the testicular photoperiodic response. Photoperiod appears to have no effect on spermiogenesis (differentiation of round spermatids into spermatozoa), because once round spermatids are formed, spermiogenesis will occur even in total darkness. Mild temperatures seem to be necessary for spermiogenesis as well as for androgen biosynthesis because neither process will take place at extreme temperatures. Results on the effect of photoperiod in steroidogenesis differ between species.
Primary author: Paniagua, R.
Fraile, Benito
Sáez, F.J.
Published in: Histology and histopathology
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Number of pages / Extensions: 14
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Appears in Collections:Vol. 5, nº 3 (1990)

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