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Título: microRNA-105-5p protects against chondrocyte injury, extracellular matrix degradation, and osteoarthritis progression by targeting SPARCL1
Fecha de publicación: 2024
Editorial: Universidad de Murcia, Departamento de Biologia Celular e Histiologia
Cita bibliográfica: Histology and Histopathology Vol. 39, nº4 (2024)
ISSN: 0213-3911
Materias relacionadas: CDU::6 - Ciencias aplicadas::61 - Medicina::616 - Patología. Medicina clínica. Oncología
Palabras clave: Chondrocyte injury
Extracellular matrix degradation
Inflammatory factors
Resumen: Objective. Both microRNA (miR)-105-5p and SPARCL1 were discovered to be differentially expressed in osteoarthritis (OA), but their roles and exact mechanisms have not been entirely elaborated. This paper sets out to probe the impact of miR-105-5p/SPARCL1 on chondrocyte injury, extracellular matrix degradation, and osteoarthritis progression. Methods. C28/I2 cells were stimulated with IL-1β to construct an in vitro OA model. C28/I2 cells were transfected with sh-SPARCL1, oe-SPARCL1, or miR-105-5p mimic before IL-1β induction. CCK-8 assay, flow cytometry, and ELISA were adopted to assess cell viability, apoptosis, and inflammatory factor expression, respectively. The binding relationship of miR-105-5p to SPARCL1 was assessed using dual-luciferase reporter assay. After an OA rat model was established, rats underwent intra-articular injection with ago-miR-105-5p. TUNEL was applied to determine cell apoptosis in vivo. mRNA and protein levels were measured by qRT-PCR and western blot, respectively, in vitro and in vivo. Results. IL-1β treatment diminished miR-105-5p expression and augmented SPARCL1 expression in C28/I2 cells. miR-105-5p decreased SPARCL1 expression by targeting SPARCL1. miR-105-5p overexpression or SPARCL1 silencing prominently reversed the decrease in viability and the promotion of inflammatory factor production, cartilage matrix degradation, and apoptosis in IL-1β-stimulated C28/I2 cells. Furthermore, upregulation of SPARCL1 nullified the influence of miR-105-5p overexpression on viability, apoptosis, inflammation, and cartilage matrix degradation in IL-1β-stimulated C28/I2 cells. miR-105-5p overexpression ameliorated knee cartilage tissue injury in OA rats. Conclusion. Conclusively, miR-105-5p exerted suppressive effects on chondrocyte injury, extracellular matrix degradation, and OA progression by targeting SPARCL1.
Autor/es principal/es: Jiang, Dong
Cheng, Shigao
Kang, Pengcheng
Li, Tengfei
Li, Xun
Xiao, Jiongzhe
Ren, Lian
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10201/140667
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14670/HH-18-654
Tipo de documento: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Número páginas / Extensión: 14
Derechos: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internacional
Aparece en las colecciones:Vol.39, nº4 (2024)

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